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Table 2 Nodes, leading nodes, and common themes of socio-cultural challenges

From: Qualitative study of socio-cultural challenges in the nursing profession in Pakistan

NodesLeading nodesCommon themes
Assigned roles of men and women within society, for women motherhood and man bread earnerGender roles on basis of gender identitySegregated identity as a male and female nurse
Nurses are hard, dirty and rudeSilent voicesNegative image and inappropriate portrayal in media
Performing night duties outside home with male colleaguesNot reputable professionIssues around marriage settlement
Religious families want to attend their clients form preferably female nursesCultural stigmasIdentity from religious perspective
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