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Table 2 Patient-reported pain treatment method and route of pain medication administration

From: Hospitalized patients’ pain experience before and after the introduction of a nurse-based pain management programme: a separate sample pre and post study

Pain treatment Survey 1 (N = 256) Number (%) Survey 2 (N = 259) Number (%) Survey 3 (N = 267) Number (%)
Method of treatment
 Pharmacological 161 (62.9) 186 (71.8) 201 (75.3)
 Non- pharmacological 13 (5.1) 8 (3.1) 4 (1.5)
 Mixed 72 (28.1) 57 (22.0) 56 (21.0)
 None 8 (3.1) 8 (3.1) 6 (2.2)
 Missed data 2 (0.8) 0 0
Route of pain medication
 Parenteral (IM/IV) 105 (45.1) 124 (51.0) 137 (53.7)
 Oral 44 (18.9) 54 (22.2) 44 (17.3)
 Both 84 (36.1) 65 (26.7) 74 (29.0)
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