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Table 1 Sample characteristics

From: Hospitalized patients’ pain experience before and after the introduction of a nurse-based pain management programme: a separate sample pre and post study

Sample characteristics Survey 1 Number (%) Survey 2 Number (%) Survey 3 Number (%) p-value a
Survey 1 vs
Survey 2
Survey 1 vs
Survey 3
Survey 2 vs
Survey 3
Gender (N = 256) (N = 259) (N = 267)    
 Male 125 (48.8) 139 (53.7) 134 (50.2) 0.274 0.757 0.426
 Female 131 (51.2) 120 (46.3) 133 (49.1)
Address (N = 247) (N = 237) (N = 263)    
 Urban 169 (68.4) 164 (69.2) 173 (65.8) 0.808 0.528 0.418
 Rural 78 (31.6) 73 (30.8) 90 (34.2)
Educational level (N = 253) (N = 253) (N = 266)    
 Had no formal education 151 (59.7) 150 (59.3) 171 (64.3) 0.928 0.282 0.243
 Had formal education 102 (40.3) 103 (40.7) 95 (35.7)
Occupation (N = 253) (N = 253) (N = 266)    
 Farmer 151 (59.9) 133 (51.8) 148 (55.4) 0.168 0.366 0.074
 Government employee 28 (11.1) 44 (17.1) 29 (10.9)
 Self-employed 36 (14.3) 41 (16.0) 35 (13.1)
 Unemployed 37 (14.7) 39 (15.2) 55 (20.6)
Unit of admission (N = 256) (N = 259) (N = 267)    
 Surgical 133 (52.0) 104 (40.2) 98 (36.7) 0.008 0.001 0.831
 Medical 86 (33.6) 89 (34.4) 101 (37.8)
 Gynaecology 20 (7.8) 34 (13.1) 34 (12.7)
 Maternity 17 (6.6) 32 (12.4) 34 (12.7)
  1. a Critical value when proportions were compared using WINPEPI, using a comparison of two independent samples
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