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Table 3 Baseline predictors of pain (VAS > 0) at healing 3

From: Leg ulcer nursing care in the community: a prospective cohort study of the symptom of pain

Baseline variable Unadjusted Adjusted
   Odds ratio (C.I) Sig. Odds ratio (C.I) Sig.
Sex Male 1.00   1.00  
Female 1.60 (1.01-2.53) 0.05 1.64 (1.00-2.68) 0.05
Intervention 4LB 1.00   1.00  
SSB 1.55 (0.98-2.46) 0.06 1.73 (1.06-2.82) 0.03
SF-12 scores      
Physical component   0.97 (0.94-0.99) 0.01 0.97 (0.94-0.99) 0.02
Mental component   0.98 (0.96-1.00) 0.08 0.98 (0.95-1.00) 0.04
Prescribed NSAIDS No 1.00   1.00  
Yes 1.99 (0.97-4.08) 0.06 2.28 (1.06-4.88) 0.03
Pain descriptors      
Tender None 1.00   1.00  
  Mild to severe 2.16 (1.31-3.56) <0.01 2.17 (1.29-3.66) -4.2) <0.01
  1. 3 Variables with p-value ≤0.20 from Table 1 were included in the bivariate analyses. 342 participants were included in the bivariate analysis with the exception of ABPI (n=341); PPI-VAS (n=327) Physical and Mental Component Scores (n=336); Pain descriptors (n=336). A manual backwards stepwise method was used for the multivariate analysis. Only variables with p<0.10 were included in the final model (n=336). Variables entered at Step 1 that were excluded from the final model were: ABPI, VAS score <= or >3, Prescribed Non-narcotics, Pain Descriptors Shooting, Stabbing, Sharp, Hot-Burning, Aching, Heavy, Splitting, Tiring-Exhausting, and Fearful.
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